Almond | Prunus Dulcis

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Other Names

Миндаль (Mindali), Бадем (Almond), Amande, Mindal, Amande Amère, Other Names: Almendra Amarga, Almendro Amargo, Amande Amère, Amandier Amer, Amandier à Fruits Amers, Amendoa Amarga, Amygdala Amara, Amygdalus communis var. amara, Amygdalus dulcis var. amara, Bitter Almond Oil, Bitter Almond Tree, Bittere Amandel, Bittere Mandel, Bittere Mandeln, Bittere-Amandelboom, Bittermandel, Bittermandelbaum, Bittermandeltræ, Bittermandeltraed, Huile d’Amande Volatile, Huile d’Amande Amère, Karvasmanteli, Mandorla Amara, Mandorlo Amaro, Mindal’ Gor’kii, Prunus amygdalus var. amara, Prunus communis var. amara, Prunus dulcis var. amara, Volatile Almond Oil.

Description

Harvested from a tree, the Almond is related to the peach and apricot. The branches are thorny and the leaves are perforated and shiny. Its fruits are seeds with brown skin and can grow from 2-3 centimeters long. It is abundant in Mediterranean countries, the Middle East and also in the United States particularly in regions of California. Australia is the largest almond production region in the southern hemisphere.

Almonds are known for concentrations of antioxidants and vitamin E. B vitamins are also present together with increased folic acid content. Almonds also provide minerals and can be good sources of calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and iron.

Ingredients

Benzaldehyde (95%), hydrocyanic acid (2-4%), mandelic, benzoin, aldehyde. Only when the nutmeats come in contact with water, a chemical reaction takes place: the glycoside Amygdalin turns into bitter almond oil and hydrocyanic acid, the proportion of its 2 – can be 4%, but evaporate easily, especially when heated.

Collection period

Mid-April to mid-June

Used Parts

Nut and fruit

Uses

Since Almonds contain phosphorus, students, and professionals who are feeling pressured take a good amount of Almonds in order to update memory and increase intellectual capacity. Almonds have a subtle, nutty scent and the essential oil is often derived to make almond butter and almond milk. These are ingredients that add body and flavor to sweet dishes, especially desserts.

Almond nuts are sprinkled all over breakfasts and cream-based dishes. Almonds are popularly used in marzipans, nougats, and cookies. Almond flour is a gluten-free alternative to wheat flour. Pickles and brines are often made to preserve the shelf life of the almond fruit.




Application

The oil is extracted from the fruit. Almond oil is a popular ingredient in the cosmetics industry, especially in the all-naturals movement. Almonds help regulate blood flow because of its lipoproteins content. Integrating almonds on a daily diet may lower risks of heart disease and high cholesterol.

Summary

Rich in antioxidants and vitamins, Almonds have undergone many processes of preparations. It is a wholesome nut that has many uses in baking and cooking and helps to lower cardiac diseases and high cholesterol.

Side Effects

Because Almond is a nut, it may cause allergies to those who are naturally allergic to peanuts. In turn, allergic reactions may restrict the respiratory system.

References

  • Medical News Today, Health Benefits of Almonds- http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/269468.php

  • Care2 Healthy Living, 9 Benefits of Almonds- http://www.care2.com/greenliving/8-health-benefits-of-almonds-king-of-nuts.html

  • Wikipedia, Almonds- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almond

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