Apple | Malus domestica

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Other Names

Abilde, Almindelig Aeble, Apfel, Apfelbaum, Äppel, Äppelträd, Apple Tree, Eble, Echter Apfelbaum, Iabloko, Iablonia, Jablon Domáca, Kultur-Apfel, Jabuka, Јабука, Maça, Maçanzeira, Maceira, Macieira, Malus domestica, Malus malus, Malus pumila, Malus sylvestris, Manzana, Manzano, Mela, Melo, Paratiisiomena, Ping Guo, Pomme, Pommier, Pomo, Pommier Commun, Pyrus malus, Ringo, Seiyou Ringo, Tarhaomenapuu, Tuffahh, Žlahtna jablana.

Description

Crunchy and delicious apples are one of the nutritional and popular fruits among fitness lovers and health conscious. Apples are packed with phytonutrients that are needed for optimum health. Loaded with antioxidants, the apples grow on medium sized trees that are now being cultivated in many parts of the world, especially in nutrient-rich soil.

Apples are oval or pear-shaped and the outer skin depends on the cultivar type. The pulp has to be off-white to a cream color and has a mixture of tartness and sweetness that is mild. The seeds are indelible.


Ingredients

Energy, carbohydrates, fat, cholesterol, protein, dietary fiber, niacin, pantothenic acid, folates, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamins A, C, E, K, sodium, potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, carotene B, Lutein-zeaxanthanin and Crypto-xanthin B.

Energy

50 Kcal

2.5%

Carbohydrates

13.81 g

11%

Protein

0.26 g

0.5%

Total Fat

0.17 g

0.5%

Cholesterol

0 mg

0%

Dietary Fiber

2.40 g

6%

Vitamins

Folates

3 µg

1%

Niacin

0.091 mg

1%

Pantothenic acid

0.061 mg

1%

Pyridoxine

0.041 mg

3%

Riboflavin

0.026 mg

2%

Thiamin

0.017 mg

1%

Vitamin A

54 IU

2%

Vitamin C

4.6 mg

8%

Vitamin E

0.18 mg

1%

Vitamin K

2.2 µg

2%

Electrolytes

Sodium

1 mg

0%

Potassium

107 mg

2%

Minerals

Calcium

6 mg

0.6%

Iron

0.12 mg

1%

Magnesium

5 mg

1%

Phosphorus

11 mg

2%

Zinc

0.04 mg

0%

Phyto-nutrients

Carotene-ß

27 µg

Crypto-xanthin-ß

11 µg

Lutein-zeaxanthin

29 µg

Collection period

End of July to October

Used Parts

Fruits and Leaves

Uses

Apples are one of the healthiest foods a person can eat. The American Institute for Cancer Research recommends eating lots of fruits and vegetables, including apples. The antioxidant content of apples ranks among the highest for fruits, and research shows that antioxidants help prevent cancer. Lung cancer risk can especially be lowered through apples’ antioxidants, according to Flores. A study in Hawaii found that people who regularly eat apples, onions and white grapefruit cut their lung cancer risk in half. It also softens gallstones and helps with weight loss, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart problems, fever, warts, scurvy, teeth, constipation, and diarrhea.

  • Preventing cancer, especially lung cancer. There is some early evidence that eating more apples might lower the chance of developing lung cancer.

  • Softening and passing gallstones. Some developing research suggests that drinking apple juice for seven days and then adding olive oil on the seventh day before going to bed might soften gallstones and help them leave the body in a bowel movement.

  • Weight loss. Some preliminary research suggests that eating apples three times daily might modestly increase weight loss over a period of 12 weeks.

  • Diabetes.

  • Metabolic syndrome.

  • Fever.

  • Heart problems.

  • Scurvy.

  • Warts.

  • Cleaning teeth.

  • Diarrhea.

  • Constipation.

  • Other conditions.

Application

A raw apple thoroughly chewed on an empty stomach helps against stool inertia.

Fresh apples are a good source of vitamins, especially the peel which is loaded with vitamin C. The fruit’s active ingredients stimulate metabolism and cleanses the blood. It is especially effective against clogging when fried and eaten with honey.

When made into a tea, the skin helps against mental exhaustion and nervousness.

Summary

Apples are a good standard when it comes to vitamins and other relevant nutrients. It is an effective way to avert from smoking and is an essential in metabolism and fighting against cancer. It is a popular ingredient for traditional desserts.

Side Effects

Apples are generally safe for people, as long as the seeds are not consumed. Apples may cause allergic reactions especially among people who are sensitive to the Rosacea family.

References

  • “Malus pumila auct.”. Germplasm Resources Information Network(GRIN) online database. Retrieved 2012-01-04.

  • “Pyrus malus L.”. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) online database. Retrieved 2012-01-29.

  • “Origin, History of cultivation”. University of Georgia. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.

  • Velasco R., Zharkikh A., Affourtit J., Dhingra A., Cestaro A., Kalyanaraman A., Fontana P., Bhatnagar S. et al. The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) (англ.) // Nature genetics. — 2010. — Т. 42. — № 10. — С. 833–839. — DOI:10.1038/ng.654

  • Velasco R., Zharkikh A., Affourtit J. et al., The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) Nature Genetics, 2010, 42, 10, 833

  • Яблоня Сиверса – прародительница всех яблонь Земли – Картина Мира. Проверено 19 марта 2013. Архивировано из первоисточника 21 марта 2013.

  • Укус доброте Србије, Србија — национална ревија

  • Over 700 apple variety listings from AllAboutApples.com

  • U.S Apple Association Guide with some years and places of cultivar origins

  • Apple Facts from the UK’s Institute of Food Research

  • http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-298-APPLE.aspx?activeIngredientId=298&activeIngredientName=APPLE&source=2

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