Apricot | Prunus armeniaca

Other Names

Abricot, Abricot Sec, Albaricoque, Amygdalus armeniaca, Apricot Fruit, Apricot Fruit Juice, Apricot Juice, Armeniaca, Armeniaca vulgaris, Armenian Plum, Damasco, Dried Apricot, Fruit de l’Abricotier, Jardalu, Jus d’Abricot, Prunus armeniaca, Urumana, Urmanam.

Description

Originally from China and Kyrgyzstan, Apricot was also thought to have originated from Armenia and is sometimes referred to as Armenian plum. With a height of 8-12 meters, the leaves are heart-shaped. It can thrive in any warm climate. The fruit is round shaped and covered with tiny hairs that are orange or yellow. The fruit is similar to peaches and nectarines. The pit is edible when dry. Dried apricots contain six times more calories compared to fresh ones which contain a lot of water.

Ingredients

An apricot contains beta-carotene, fiber, protein, vegetable fat, B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin B-17, iron, volatile oil, essential fatty acids, calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, mineral salts, organic acids, starch, sulfur, carbohydrates, cellulose, phosphorus, and fructose.

Used Parts

Fruit and juice

Uses

In nutrition, apricot is especially effective for a cough, constipation, asthma, bleeding, eye inflammation, infertility, spasms and vaginal infections. The kernels contain active ingredients that are said to be useful against cancer but should be consumed in moderation because of the amigdelin content.

The juice, when naturally squeezed and drank with no added sugar and preservatives, are great for marmalades, jams, and preserves which can be used at any time of the year.

It can be used as a laxative, diuretic and antioxidant because of noted beneficial cleansing effects on the body from various toxins.

Apricots stimulate growth and bone restoration as well as that of damaged tissue.

Freshly harvested apricots can be used to treat hepatitis or those who have heartburn.


Application

Dried apricots are a good snack all year round. The juices make great apricot brandy. In manufacturing, since the fruit has a mild scent, its oil is used in cosmetics and some part of the fruit can be made into a body scrub. After heavy sweating, apricots make up for lost fluids and vitamins in the body.

Summary

Apricot is a nutritious fruit and is a well-loved snack. When dried, it can be consumed at any time of the year. It is also popular as a jam or preserves. The juices can be made into brandy or an essential oil in the cosmetics industry.

Side Effects

Apricots are generally safe when consumed as food. Patients with diabetes should avoid dried apricots because of high sugar and calorie content compared to fresh apricots.

References

  • RXList Supplements, Apricot: http://www.rxlist.com/apricot/supplements.htm

  • WebMD, Apricot: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-952-APRICOT.aspx?activeIngredientId=952&activeIngredientName=APRICOT#vit_uses-

  • ahoo Voices, Health Benefits of the Apricot, an Excellent Fruit for Your Diet: http://voices.yahoo.com/health-benefits-apricot-excellent-fruit-107907.html

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