Blackthorn | Prunus Spinosa

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Other Names

Blackthorn, Bair Or Sloe, Blackthorn Fruit, Buisson Noir, Blackthorn Berry, Blackthorn Flower, Blackthorn Fruit, Buisson Noir, Créquier, Endrino, Épine Noire, Épinette, Fourdinier, Mère-Du-Bois, Pélosse, Pélossier, Prunellier, Pruni Spinosae Flos, Pruni Spinosae Fructus, Prunier Sauvage, Prunus Spinosa, Sloe, Sloe Berry, Sloe Flower, Wild Plum Flower, Créquier, Endrino, Épine Noire, Épinette, Fourdinier, Mère-Du-Bois, Pélosse, Pélossier, Prunellier, Pruni Spinosae Flos, Pruni Spinosae Fructus, Prunier Sauvage, Prunus Spinosa, Sloe, Sloe Berry, Sloe Flower, Wild Plum Flower, Schlehe, Bockbeerli, Dornschleha,Effken, Hageldorn, Haferpflaume, Kietschkepflaumen, Saudorn, Schlaia, Schlechbeeri, Schliehen, Schlingenstrauch, Schlinken, Schwarzdorn, Tmovina, Draca, Kukinja, Mrki Trn, Trnina, Trnjina, Trlinka, Тёрн, Терно́вник, Сли́ва Колю́чая, Тмовина, Драча, Кукиња, Мрки Трн, Трнина, Трњина, Трлинка

Description

Blackthorn is native to Europe and Western Asia and can be found in Northwest Africa. Today, it is now grown in New Zealand and North America. It is named Blackthorn because of its dark bark and very thorny shrub. It has stiff and spiny branches with oval leaves. The flowers are creamy with five white petals and bloom in spring. The fruits are also called sloe.

Ingredients

Caffeic Acid, Pectin, Quercitrin, Tannins, Amygdalin, Emulsin, Nitritglykosid, Fatty Oil Acid, Malic Acid, Glycosides, Little Cyanide

Collection Period

Flowers: April and May

Root bark: October and November

Fruit: late autumn and winter




Used Parts

Thorns, Fruit, Juice, and Leaves

Uses

  • Antispasmodic,

  • Astringent,

  • Bladder Disease,

  • Blemishes,

  • Blood Purification,

  • Constipation,

  • Cough,

  • Dropsy,

  • Edema,

  • Enlargement Of The Prostate,

  • Expectorant,

  • Fluid Retention,

  • Heart Failure,

  • Increases Urine Productions,

  • Rashes,

  • Reduces Inflammation,

  • Skin Impurities,

  • Skin Rashes,

  • Stomach Cramps,

  • Stomach Weakness,

  • Upset Stomach

Application

Because of its thorny stems, it is used to make a hedge against cattle. It is also excellent as firewood because it produces minimal smoke and burns quite slow.

Its fruits are made into preserves only when it is ripe. The juice is made into wine and is infused with sugar and other fruit to make a liquor, various countries have different versions of sloe gin.

It is also made into a mouth rinse for mouth problems and sore throat. The syrup also empties bowels and increases urine production. The leaves were used as a tea adulterant because it resembles tea leaves. Also, the sap is used to make ink for manuscripts.

Summary

An astringent and diuretic, Blackthorn helps to reduce inflammation and purify the blood. In this effect, it helps to stabilize bowel movement and it is a good mouth rinse because of its astringent property.

Side Effects

The fruit contains and could produce hydrogen cyanide due to a compound being mixed with water and can be unsafe when swallowed because the chemical is poisonous.

References

  • Kew, Royal Botanical Gardens, Prunus spinosa (blackthorn): http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/prunus-spinosa-blackthorn·

  • Wikipedia, Prunus spinosa: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus_spinosa·

  • http://www.heilkraeuter.de/lexikon/schlehdo.htm·

  • WebMD, Blackthorn: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-356-blackthorn.aspx?activeIngredientId=356&activeIngredientName=blackthorn&source=1&tabno=3

  • Тёрн — статья из Большой советской энциклопедии (Проверено 16 января 2010)Логотип Викисловаря В Викисловаре есть статья «тёрн»

  • Тёрн: информация на сайте GRIN (англ.) (Проверено 16 января 2010)

  • Воробьев Б. Слива знакомая и незнакомая. Информационный садовый центр. Проверено 18 октября 2013.

  • http://www.herbateka.eu/trncrni

 

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