Brazil nut | Bertholletia Excelsa

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Other Names

Brazil Nut, Castania, Castanheiro Do Para, Para-Nut, Creamnut, Castana- De-Para, Castana-De-Brazil, Бертоле́тия, Бертоле́ция, Бертолетия высокая, Бразильский орех, Американский орех


Did you know that it is illegal to cut down a Brazin Nut tree without proper clearance? Native to Venezuela, Guianas, Eastern Colombia and Brazil, it occurs as scattered trees in large forests on the banks of rivers. It is a large tree that reaches up to 50 meters in height. It could live up to 500 years or more, even up to 1,000 years old.

Its bark is smooth and gray, the leaves are deciduous and simple that are oblong in shape. The flowers are small and greenish white, each flower is parted at the calyx with unequal cream-colored petals.


Oleic acid, palmitoleic acid, vitamin-E, selenium, thiamine, copper, manganese, magnesium

Collection period

June to August

Used Parts

Nut and seed oil


  • Reduces risk of breast cancer

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The nuts can be eaten as is, or they can be salted, roasted and sweetened. It is usually mixed with pudding, fudge, chocolate bars and pesto. They are also sprinkled in salads and other desserts. The oil has a sweet smell and is used in cooking and as a salad dressing. The oil is also used in soaps and shampoos, as well as in skin creams and as a moisturizer.


The Brazil nut can be enjoyed as a snack and can be mixed in various dishes. The oil can be extracted and can be used as a cooking oil as well as an ingredient in cosmetics.

Side Effects

People who are naturally allergic to nuts should avoid eating Brazil nut.


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