The great burnet grows preferably in damp meadows. In contrast to the small burnet, which is also called Garden burnet, the great burnet grows mainly wild.
Its spadix that appear in Spätsomemr are bright, dark and look like humped buttons, which the plant has earned its name.
Formerly the great burnet was happy to be applied as a home remedy, but today he is almost forgotten. He may well help in mucosal inflammation and bleeding. In ancient times it was even used as a contraceptive, but this application is unfounded.
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Scientific Name: Sanguisorba officinalis
English name: Great Burnet
Popular name: Great Burnet head Hergottsbart, Kölbelskraut, Welsche burnet
Plant Parts Used: Root, herb
Ingredients: saponins, tannins, flavones, tannins, vitamin C
Collection period: July and August
Sanguisorba officinalis (Great Burnet) is a plant in the family Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae. It is native throughout the cooler regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, northern Asia, and northern North America.
It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1 m tall, which occurs in grasslands, growing well on grassy banks. It flowers June or July.
Sanguisorba officinalis is an important food plant for the European Large Blue butterflies Maculinea nausithous and M. teleius.
Use is made of its extensive root system for erosion control, as well as a bioremediator, used to reclaim derelict sites such as landfills.
The leaves are used in salads because they are mildly reminiscent of cucumber. Selective pruning of apical meristems, such as at flower heads, is used to encourage an increase in leaf production.
It has been in use by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years, probably through the employment of the doctrine of signatures as a treatment for bleeding.
Specifically, the root is used to stop bloody dysentery, nosebleeds, and is applied topically to treat burns and insect bites.
Sanguiin H-6 is a dimeric ellagitannin that can be found in S. officinalis. Wikipedia