The corn cockle is a poisonous weed that almost everywhere graced the field edges and fields until the 1960s.
By modern weedkillers this plant has become very rare, it is even almost eradicated, and thus is red-flagged.
The corn cockle was “Flower of the Year 2003” to commemorate the preservation of the cultural heritage wild herbs.
Areas of application:
Scientific Name: Agrostemma githago L.
Plant Family: Caryophyllaceae Caryophyllaceae =
English name: corncockle, corn-cockle
popular name: Ackerrade, Hell grain, Klocke Blome, Klocke flower, Elke grain, corn rose, Pisspöttken, Raad, Rade, Radenbleamer, Ratt
Plant Parts Used: Leaves, seeds
Ingredients: bitters, tannins, Agrostemmasäure, Githagin, Githagenin
Collection period: June to October
The plant should not be used because of toxicity.
Boil the herb in wine, filter and bottle.
Boil the cabbage in vinegar, filtieren and bottle.
A mouthwash is effective against toothache. (Do not swallow!)
Mince the fresh herb and keep mouth and nose and breathe through
Effective against coughs and colds.
An envelope with fresh herb acts bluttstillend.
An extract from fresh leaves is effective against acne and skin diseases.
From the dry mature seeds a product is manufactured, which is used in paralysis and inflammation of the stomach.
From the earlier Corncockle wreaths were gepflochten that should prevent wound around the tree trunk, that the fruit falls from the tree immature.
One approaches the grain backwards Raden, also reaps the corn cockle backwards and weaves a wreath of the Konraden and puts it on his head, so that he shall be able to recognize evil intentions of others.
The corn cockle has always been the companion crop cultivation, the seeds have the best size to come with the grain harvest in the next planting returned to the fields. It even assumes that the Konrade this seed size was grown unintentionally in the course of the millennia.
Since the seeds of corn cockle are very toxic, there used to be many human and animal poisoning by impurities, the grain harvest. In the manufacture of brandy, this contamination was even desirable.
Hungernotzeiten in the fresh leaves have even been cooked and eaten. Not quite as harmless by heat not all toxins are destroyed.
In the 1960s, the seeds were cleaned and kept getting better the crop fields and field margins free of weeds by weed-killers, the widespread Corncockle disappeared almost completely.
Only in recent years, there is again the efforts Corncockle anszusiedeln get back into protected areas. Well as easy to care for ornamental plant the corn cockle its way into their gardens.
Description of the plant
The corn cockle is native to Europe and was also exported to America.
They once grew preferentially at field margins and wheat fields.
The annual plant is 30 to 100 cm high.
The leaves are narrow, pointed, and hairy.
The purple-red to purple flowers appear from June to July and have a diameter of 3-5 cm.
The flower has five petals and surmounted by the leaf-like calyx lobes.
The flowers develop until the fall of the seeds.
The seeds are very poisonous warty black-brown and about 3 mm.
The root is spindle-shaped and extends to 100 cm deep in the soil.
Easy to grow in your own garden.
The seeds are in good online seed trade
Sow in March or on Septemer good but not manured soil.
The undemanding plant likes sun and partial shade and tolerates Trockheit.
The fresh leaves are harvested from June to October.
The seeds in the fall.