Estragon, Tarragon

Other Names

Artemisia dracunculus, French Tarragon, Armoise Âcre, Artemisia dracunculus, Artemisia glauca, Dragonne, Estragon, Estragón, Herbe Dragon, Herbe au Dragon, Little Dragon, Mugwort, Petit Dragon, German Tarragon, Dragon Wormwood, Dragonwort, Dragon Mugwort and sometimes called both Mugwort, Wormwood, Bertram, Biertram, Drabenkraut, Drachantkraut, Dragon, Dragonellikraut, Dragunwermut, Drakonkraut, Eierkraut, Escadron, Kaisersalat, Schlangenkraut, Trabenkraut, Trachant, Tarragon, French Tarragon, Wild Tarragon, Herb Dragonne, Tarxuna, T’arkhuna (Georgian), Bertram (German), Polyn estragonnaya, Estragon, Эстрагон, Полынь эстрагонная, Тархун (Russian), Little Dragon, Long Hao (Chinese), King of Herbs, Tharkhoum (Arabic), Biting Dragon, True Tarragon, Dragon Plant, Kitchen Tarragon, Petit Dragon, Mugwort, Artemisia glauca, Dragonne, Herbe Dragon, Armoise Âcre, Dragonne, Estragón, Herbe au Dragon, Ddraig Fach طرخون tarkhūn.

Description

Widely used as a cooking herb, Estragon is also known as Tarragon and has an earthy flavour that’s also aromatic. It is native to the Northern Hemisphere and grows up to 150 centimeters with slender and tall branched stems. They can grow in herb gardens and pots. Its leaves are a glossy green and long margin, yellow or greenish florets will be spotted occasionally.

Ingredients

Estragon oil: Methyl chavicol, capillene, nerol, ocimene, phellandrene, cineol, thujone

Potassium, flavonoids, anise.

The leaves contain about 0.3% essential oil, about 70% of which is methyl chivacol. Phenylpropanoids methyl chavicol (also called estragole), anethol (10%), terpenes trans-b-ocimene (up to 22%), cis-b-ocimene (up to 15%) and y-terpineol, p-methoxy cinnamaldehyde , phellandrene, a- and b-pinene, camphene, limonene and eugenol

Collection period

May to August. By rivers and streams. Grassland and arid steppe.

Used Parts

Oil, leaves and stems

Uses

It is little used in modern herbalism, though it is sometimes employed as an appetizer. The leaves (and an essential oil obtained from them) are antiscorbutic, diuretic, emmenagogue, hypnotic and stomachic. An infusion is used in the treatment of indigestion, flatulence, nausea, hiccups etc. The plant is mildly sedative and has been taken to aid sleep.

  • Analgesic,

  • Bile Weakness,

  • Bloating,

  • Convalescence,

  • Cough,

  • Digestion Problems,

  • Diuretic,

  • Edema,

  • Fever,

  • Gout,

  • Hiccups Insomnia,

  • Kidney Stimulating,

  • Loss Of Appetite,

  • Menopausal Symptoms,

  • Menstrual Problems,

  • Menstrual Promoting,

  • Muscle Cramps,

  • Nausea, Nervousness,

  • Promoting Metabolism,

  • Reassuring,

  • Rheumatism,

  • Spring Fever,

  • Stomach Weakness,

  • Toothache,

  • Toothaches,

  • Vitamin C Deficiency,

  • Water Retention,

  • Worms.

Properties

  • Antibacterial

  • Diuretic

  • Antiscorbutic

  • Febrifuge

  • Hypnotic

  • Stomachic

  • Vermifuge

  • Sedative

Application

Fresh or dried leaves and stems usually included into culinary dishes.

Leaves – raw or used as a flavouring in soups

Estragon can be dried and used in marinades of meat dishes. Fresh Estragon has a volatile oil that is similar to that of anise which is lost when it is dried. Estragon is popularly made into vinegar which is an excellent flavouring for sauces but is not ideal for soups.

Summary

Estragon revolves around the legend that it is brought forth by the radish root or sea onion set in the ground.

While there are some ancient traditional medicinal uses for tarragon, its most common use is as a culinary herb. Used fresh, it imparts a spicy, minty licorice flavor to salads and egg dishes, as well as to cooked meats and poultry. It should not be used in soups, as the flavor is too strong. Because many insects dislike the smell and taste of tarragon, it can be useful as a companion plant to keep the garden pest-free.

Side Effects

Tarragon is safe in food amount and seems to be safe when used short-term as a medicine. Long-term use of tarragon might cause cancer, because it contains a chemical called estragole.

Estragon may trigger allergies among highly sensitive people.

References

Estragon/Tarragon

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