Arbre à Cariques, Caricae Fructus, Feigen, Ficus carica, Figs, Figue, Figuier, Figuier de Carie, Figuier Comestible, Figuier Commun, Figuier Domestique, Higuera, Smokva, Смоква
Fig is a tree and the fruit is commonly eaten. The fruit and leaves are used to make medicine.
The flower itself is not visible outwardly, as it blooms inside the infructescence. Fig is a deciduous Tree growing to 19ft by 19ft at a medium rate.
Minerals – Calcium: 220mg; Phosphorus: 133mg; Iron: 2.7mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 9mg; Potassium: 862mg; Zinc: 0mg; Vitamins – A: 347mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.25mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.25mg; Niacin: 2mg; B6: 0mg; C: 9.22mg;
The fruit usually takes about 12 months to mature, baby fruits no larger than about 15mm long in the autumn usually overwinter to form the following years crop of fruit.
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Curdling agent.
A decoction of the leaves is stomachic. The leaves are also added to boiling water and used as a steam bath for painful or swollen piles. It also has an analgesic effect against insect stings and bites. The fruit is mildly laxative, demulcent, digestive and pectoral.
Fruit – raw or cooked. The leaves are also added to boiling water and used as a steam bath for painful or swollen piles.
A tea made from fig leaves may reduce insulin requirements in people with type 1 diabetes. It also seems to lower blood sugar levels after eating.
Wood – pliable but porous and of little value. It is used for hoops, garlands, ornaments etc.
Fresh or dried fig fruit is safe for most people when used in food amounts. Fig LEAF appears to be safe for most people when used for up to one month as a medicine. In high doses, fig LATEX, the sap from the tree, might cause bleeding in the digestive tract in some people.
- pfaf.org, http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Ficus+carica
- WebMD, http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-445-FIG.aspx?activeIngredientId=445&activeIngredientName=FIG
- Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_fig
- The Fig: its History, Culture, and Curing, Gustavus A. Eisen, Washington, Govt. print. off., 1901
- RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
- Wayne’s Word: Sex Determination & Life Cycle in Ficus carica
- Purdue University: Horticulture & Landscape Architecture. Fig, Ficus carica.
- Kislev et al. (2006a, b), Lev-Yadun et al. (2006)
- “RHS Plant Selector – Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey'”. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- California Rare Fruit Growers: Fig
- North American Fruit Explorers: Figs.
- Phenolic acids and flavonoids of fig fruit (Ficus carica L.) in the northern Mediterranean region. Robert Veberic, Mateja Colaric and Franci Stampar, Food Chemistry, Volume 106, Issue 1, 1 January 2008, pages 153–157, doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.05.061