Also known as- Polygonum multiflorum, ho shou wu, fleeceflower vine, polygonum flower, climbing knotweed, flowery knotwood, Chinese Cornbind, Chinese Knotweed, Climbing Knotweed, Flowery Knotweed, Fo Ti Tieng, Fo-Ti-Tient, He Shou Wu, Ho Shou Wu, Multiflora Preparata, Poligonum, Poligonum Multiflorum, Polygonum, Polygonum multiflorum, Polygonum Multiflorum Thunberg, Racine de Renouée Multiflore, Radix Polygoni Multiflori, Radix Polygoni Shen Min, Renouée, Renouée à Fleurs Nombreuses, Renouée de Chine, Renouée Multiflore, Rhizoma Polygonata, Shen Min, Shou Wu, Shou Wu Pian, Tuber Fleeceflower, Zhihe Shou Wu, Zi Shou Wu.
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fo-Ti is one of the herbs used to nourish the heart and calm the spirit. It has red stems, heart shaped leaves and either white or pink flowers. The literal English translation of its name is “vine to pass through the night.” With a distinctive sweet yet bitter taste, fo-ti was thought to unblock the channels of energy through the body, allowing the escape of the pathogenic influences that cause generalized weakness, soreness, pain, and fatigue. Depending on the method of processing, there are four different types of Fo-Ti on the market: raw, cured, wine, and steamed. Raw and cured are the most used, and the ones mostly imported into the US. The plant is also used as a wash for itching and skin rashes. Another use of the herb is bringing color back to graying hair. The Chinese nickname for the herb, ho shou wu, literally means “Mr. He’s Black Hair,” Mr. He being a man of Chinese legend who restored his youth and sexual potency by taking Fo-Ti tea. Chinese tradition teaches that the herb should be used by itself or cured in the water used to cook black beans for this purpose. The curing of Fo-Ti has been found to increase the phosphates (presumably lecithin) by close to 30%, also increasing the sugar content. The production of traditional Fo-Ti root according to traditional Chinese medicine is revered and is keep as a close secret, however the basic process involves curing raw Fo-Ti roots in a soup of black bean sauce and wine. Those with gluten sensitivities may want to avoid using this product.
Chrysophanic acid, chrysophanol, emodin.
Often grown in the flower garden, feverfew is a short lived perennial but usually self-sows prolifically.
Two varieties are predominantly used. Traditional Chinese medicine call for a Fo-Ti which is cured in a traditional black bean sauce, however there is also a form known as “White Fo-Ti” which is the uncured and raw root which is firm, coarse, and light brown or beige in color. The variety stocked by Mountain Rose Herbs is cured in the black bean sauce according to traditional Chinese standards.
Blood Circulation Promoting,
Labor during Childbirth,
Problems with Menstruation,
Ringing In the Ears,
Tinnitus (Ringing or Roaring Sounds In The Ears),
Teas and tinctures. Traditionally combined with jujubes and/or biota to treat insomnia. Sometimes found in capsule form.
Fo-ti might be UNSAFE to take by mouth due to concerns that it might cause liver damage in both adults and children. Fo-ti has been linked to liver damage in several reports, including one case in a 5-year-old child.
Not to be used while pregnant. Excessive use may cause gastro-intestinal upset and diarrhea.
“Fallopia multiflora”. Flora of China.
“Fallopia multiflora”. Germplasm Resources Information Network.
Cho, Hyun Chin; Min, Hyun Ju; Ha, Chang Yoon; Kim, Hyun Jin; Kim, Tae Hyo; Jung, Woon-Tae; Lee, Ok Jae; Bae, In-Gyu (2009). “Reactivation of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Patient with Polygonum multiflorum Thunb-Induced Hepatitis”. Gut and Liver 3 (1): 52–6. doi:10.5009/gnl.2009.3.1.52. PMC 2871557. PMID 20479902.
Wang, T; Wang, J; Jiang, Z; Zhou, Z; Li, Y; Zhang, L; Zhang, L (2012). “Study on hepatotoxicity of aqueous extracts of Polygonum multiforum in rats after 28-day oral administration-analysis on correlation of cholestasis”. Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 37 (10): 1445–50. PMID 22860459.
Jung, KA; Min, HJ; Yoo, SS; Kim, HJ; Choi, SN; Ha, CY; Kim, HJ; Kim, TH et al. (2011). “Drug-Induced Liver Injury: Twenty Five Cases of Acute Hepatitis Following Ingestion of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb”. Gut and liver 5 (4): 493–9. doi:10.5009/gnl.2011.5.4.493. PMC 3240794. PMID 22195249.
Cárdenas, A; Restrepo, JC; Sierra, F; Correa, G (2006). “Acute hepatitis due to shen-min: A herbal product derived from Polygonum multiflorum”. Journal of clinical gastroenterology 40 (7): 629–32. PMID 16917407.